Consequences of Rapid Urbanization

Rapid urbanization worldwide raises new concurrent social, economic, public health, environmental, and health systems challenges, including:

  • Rising prevalence of NCDs (non-communicable diseases) and emerging infectious diseases
  • Need for improved access to affordable, quality health services
  • Increased greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to climate change, pollution, and poor health
  • Unsafe housing, transportation, and physical environments
  • Need for enhanced access to healthy foods, clean water, and sanitation
  • Vast inequities in opportunities that are compounded by poverty, race, ethnicity, gender, age, migration status, and place of inhabitation